Bir is a small Tibetan colony located in Kangra Valley, in Himachal Pradesh, Indian State in Himalayan area. At 1400 m of altitude, within a beautiful framework of mountains, it's only a 2 hours drive to Dharamshala, and is home to those Tibetan in exile within the governmant. Eight hundred people live in this colony, which was created in 1963.
The valley is located at the North-West of India in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
The State of Himachal Pradesh “Country of the tops to the eternal snow” is dominated by the tops of the Himalayas which culminate with nearly 7000m. One meets an incredible diversity of people there, wandering shepherds Gaddi with the inhabitants of the moved back area of Kinnaur.
This State corresponds to a great area of high mountains, between the plains with the south and the Large Himalayan Barrier in north with its imposing solid mass of Dhauladar.
It is the long Beas river which determines this valley of Kullu Manali. While going down from the Large Himalayan Barrier (GBH) which reaches 6.500 m of altitude easily, Beas has formed with inflated glacial torrents, the powerful monsoon of the summer (August July) and also contributes to regular cause risings and much of erosion.
This valley of an altitude of approximately 1.500 m, profits at the same time from a hot climate (9 months out of 12), from a large monsoon not being able to cross the high GBH, and it pours its last clouds here. Sometimes it experiences rigorous winters.
In this climate of moderated type, the valley's inhabitants produce important basic food crops there : cereals, rice, vegetables, fruits, in particular the apples which give the valley its name “APPLE Valley” or “APPLE arises”.
The valley is highly praised by the Indians for tourism, including winter because of ski pistes in some stations.
It is also sought by the foreign tourists who want to discover the high mountain, the treks of a great beauty, and it is also a door of terrestrial access essential for Ladakh. Delhi is within a 10 hour drive, and about 600 km away, near the small airport of Dharamshala
Himachal Pradesh gives access the high Himalayan valleys, that of Lahaul and Spiti, towards Kinnaur very close to the Tibetan border towards Ladakh.
Himalayan India does not enjoy the same tourist popularity that its Nepalese neighbour does, and it offers landscapes of an exceptional beauty, in a preserved nature that is still wild.
Many possibilities are thus offered to the residents and to travellers: treks in Kangra Valley, Kullu Valley (trek Bir-Manali), treks of Manali to Spiti and even in Ladakh; excursion in V.T.T., with horse and pragliding practical with a landing strip close to the éco village.